Sport Psychologist Dr. Peter Olusoga Shares Tips On How To Improve Your Mental Performance.
- To build the foundations of success, you need to ensure the four corners are well developed
- Mental strength is important for Boxing, but how many train it?
- There are many ways to Train Your Brain to get the edge over your opponents
“You’ve either got it, or you ain’t”
is mental, 10% is physical
“It’s all in the mind”
These are common phrases found in boxing when it comes to a combat athletes psychology. It’s a given that mental toughness is important for boxing performance, but how many of you train to improve your sport psychological performance?
Dr Pete Olusoga provides us with a great article on how sport psychology can help improve Boxing performance. In this article you will learn.
The Four Corners of Boxing Performance.
The role sport psychology in boxing – Three areas that Boxers can develop with short- and long-term strategies.
Building The Foundations Of Success Let’s say you’re building a house. Would you want to make sure all four corners of the foundations were as strong as possible, or would you just take care of three, and hope that was enough to keep the house from falling down?
I’m pretty sure most people would put in the time and the effort to build a house with the strongest foundations possible. Four strong, solid corners.
Ask Yourself, What Does It Take?
When I sit down with an athlete for the first time, I like start by getting them to think about what goes into becoming an elite performer in their particular sport.
What does it take to be the best?
If it’s your goal to be a solid amateur boxer, what’s that actually gonna take?
If it’s your goal to be a World Champ, what’s that gonna take?
Whatever level you’re boxing at, or wherever you’re aiming to get to, we can usually break down “what it takes” into four major areas: Tactical awareness, technical ability, physical strengths, and mental strengths
Train Your Brain
It’s safe to say that it’s a sport that’s unlike any of the sports that I’ve worked in before. It’s a brutal sport, there’s no getting away from it. The aim is to punch your opponent until he/she can’t punch you back any more.
However, it’s also a sport that requires not only immense physical strength and stamina, but also discipline and control, and the ability to think tactically and strategically while under pressure. So in some ways, I suppose it’s not that dissimilar to other sports after all. People will tell you that boxing is 80% mental. …or maybe 90% mental. …. or 95% mental….
The bottom line is, nobody would question that boxers have to be mentally tough …. but what exactly is mental toughness, and how can Sport Psychology help boxers develop it? How Strong Are Your Corners?
In my experience, these are the four cornerstones that every athlete needs in order to build towards success. But if I asked you how much time you dedicated to working on each of them what would you say?
I’d guess that you spend a lot of time and effort in the gym or out running, working on developing strength and stamina. You probably spend a fair amount of time in the ring, developing your technique. And I’d guess that maybe you study your opponents, or at least that you have some sort of tactical plan before you enter the ring to fight? So you probably have three very strong corners on which to build success.
But what about that fourth corner? What about the mental aspects of boxing?
How much effort do you put into developing your mental strengths?
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Mental Toughness Defined: Athletes, coaches and sport psychologists have defined Mental Toughness¹ as having the psychological edge that enables you to: Cope better than your opponents with the many demands (competition, training, lifestyle) that sport places on a performer.
Be more consistent and better than your opponents in remaining determined, focused, confident, and in control under pressure.
How Can Sport Psychology Help Boxers?
So in order to be a boxer, in order to take up the sport, it’s likely that you’ve already got some of the qualities of a typically “mentally tough” athlete. If you’re successful, it’s highly likely that you’ve got a lot of those qualities.
One of the obstacles that I’ve come across as a practitioner (and this goes beyond boxing) is the idea that I’m going to try to make athletes do something radically different, that I’ll mess with their heads, or that they’re already tough enough, so what the hell can a psychologist do to help.
Well a psychologist can work with athletes to enhance the skills/qualities that they already have, to guide and empower the athlete to make changes where they feel appropriate and, perhaps, to equip them with the skills and techniques to be able to do so. Mental toughness encompasses a number of different qualities and attributes.
I’ve just picked out a few ways that sport psych might be able to help boxers develop their mental toughness….
1. Coping with Demands
The best athletes in the world experience nerves before competition. Nerves can take different forms, like the physical sensations of “butterflies” in the stomach or the nagging thoughts and doubts that can crop up at any time; minutes, hours, weeks before a fight.
It’s how athletes handle and interpret those nerves that can make the difference between being good and being great. For example, you could think of having butterflies as being a sign that you’re really nervous, or you could think of them as a sign that your body is ready for competition.
Being able to recognise these nerves (both when they’re useful and when they’re not) and know what to do with them, help make the mentally tough boxer.
Short Term Development: Relaxation, centering, countering negative thinking
Long Term Development: Applied relaxation, developing a “quiet mind”
Nobody “loses” concentration. It doesn’t go anywhere. It’s just that we sometimes concentrate on the wrong things at the wrong times. Studies show that when athletes are physically tired (for example, in between rounds), they are more likely to concentrate on getting their breath back and so might miss out on important instructions being given by a coach. Professor Andy Lane suggests that boxers also need to develop a fairly unique mind-set whereby they can produce maximal effort, yet also remain able to think calmly and tactically.
Developing concentration skills and the ability to “switch” focus from the here and now (needed during rounds) to what’s coming next (needed in-between rounds) is therefore an important mental skill for boxers².
Short Term Development: Concentration styles, imagery/mental rehearsal, centering
Long Term Development: Concentration training, concentration under fatigue
What makes one athlete get up and go for their run, while another stays in bed for an extra half an hour? What makes one athlete stick to their diet, while another has just that one day off?
What makes one athlete push themselves for that extra minute on the treadmill, while another steps off?
Discipline is obviously important both inside and outside of the ring, and the mentally tough athlete is the one who can motivate themselves to do what it takes to gain that vital edge over their opponent.
Short Term Development: Performance profiling, goal setting
Long Term Development: Mindfulness
For most of the psychological skills and techniques discussed above, the coach/trainer can play a vital role. Coaches should be involved from the outset.
Communication between the coach and the athlete can be enhanced if the coach is involved in the profiling and goal setting process, and the coach should also play an important part in reinforcing the use of relaxation, imagery and concentration skills in the sparring/training environment.
Sport Psychology Edge Athletes are constantly looking for the even the smallest edge over their opponents. When two athletes are matched in terms of skills and physical attributes, it’s the athlete who is more confident, who can use pressure to their advantage, who has been disciplined in their training, and can concentrate on the right things at the right times – the athlete who has the mental edge – that will, more often than not, come out on top.
Practice Makes Perfect
Are you willing to put in the time and effort to develop these skills? If you don’t train for strength or speed, it’s likely that you won’t get faster and stronger. The same goes with training your brain. If you don’t practice and develop the skills, like relaxation, visualisation, or focus, you won’t get better at it. If you want to be the best you can be, you’re gonna need to take care of all four corners if you want your house to stay standing. So…. what are doing to find your mental edge?
Watch a taster of our interview with former WBO cruiserweight world champion Johnny Nelson on how controlling his mental performance was beneficial to his boxing career.
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References ¹Jones, G., Hanton, S., & Connaughton, D. (2002). What is this thing called mental toughness? An investigation of elite sport performers. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 14, 205-218. ²
Lane, A. (2009). Consultancy in the ring: Psychological support to a World Champion professional boxer. In B. Hemmings & T. Holder (eds.), Applied Sport Psychology: A Case-Based Approach. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.